Coptic Liturgical Rites

Rituals are set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a religion or by the traditions of a community. (Wikipedia definition).

This definition has three elements:

1.       Symbol

2.       Tradition

3.       Community

Rituals, in the Church, convey a spiritual, dogmatic, or a theological message through symbolic movements. The origin of the rituals is the Holy Tradition passed down from Our Lord Jesus to the apostles and down to the bishops and the clergy through apostolic succession.

On this site, the Coptic rites will be explained mainly according to the manuscripts dating back to the 10th century in addition to the Church Fathers  and the Coptic Patriarchs before the 10th century. Following, are the most important of these manuscripts:

  • Tarteeb Al Kahana by Bishop Sawiros of Asmunin (10th century)
  • Al Dor Al Thamin fi Edah Al Deen Bishop Sawiros of Asmunin (10th century)
  • Tarteeb Al Bayya according to Pope Gabrial Ibn Trak (12th century)
  • Musbah AlZolma fi Edah Al khedma  Ibn Kabar (12th century)
  • Al Gawhara Al nafeesa fi oloom al kaneesa Ibn Sebaa (13th century)
  • Al Tarteeb Al Taksy Pope Gabrial the 5th (15th century)